Salt supports several features for high availability and fault tolerance. Brief documentation for these features is listed alongside their configuration parameters in Configuration file examples.
Salt minions can connect to multiple masters at one time by configuring the master configuration parameter as a YAML list of all the available masters. By default, all masters are "hot", meaning that any master can direct commands to the Salt infrastructure.
In a multimaster configuration, each master must have the same cryptographic keys, and minion keys must be accepted on all masters separately. The contents of file_roots and pillar_roots need to be kept in sync with processes external to Salt as well
A tutorial on setting up multimaster with "hot" masters is here:
master_type parameter from
cause minions to connect to the first responding master in the list of masters.
master_alive_check seconds the minions will check to make sure
the current master is still responding. If the master does not respond,
the minion will attempt to connect to the next master in the list. If the
minion runs out of masters, the list will be recycled in case dead masters
have been restored. Note that
master_alive_check must be present in the
minion configuration, or else the recurring job to check master status
will not get scheduled.
Failover can be combined with PKI-style encrypted keys, but PKI is NOT REQUIRED to use failover.
Multimaster with PKI and Failover is discussed in this tutorial
master_type: failover can be combined with
to spread minion connections across all masters (one master per
minion, not each minion connecting to all masters). Adding Salt Syndics
into the mix makes it possible to create a load-balanced Salt infrastructure.
If a master fails, minions will notice and select another master from the
Salt's Syndic feature is a way to create differing infrastructure topologies. It is not strictly an HA feature, but can be treated as such.
With the syndic, a Salt infrastructure can be partitioned in such a way that certain masters control certain segments of the infrastructure, and "Master of Masters" nodes can control multiple segments underneath them.
Syndics are covered in depth in Salt Syndic.